Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation provides effective salvage despite refractory disease or failed prior autologous transplant in angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma: A CIBMTR analysis Journal Article


Authors: Epperla, N.; Ahn, K. W.; Litovich, C.; Ahmed, S.; Battiwalla, M.; Cohen, J. B.; Dahi, P.; Farhadfar, N.; Farooq, U.; Freytes, C. O.; Ghosh, N.; Haverkos, B.; Herrera, A.; Hertzberg, M.; Hildebrandt, G.; Inwards, D.; Kharfan-Dabaja, M. A.; Khimani, F.; Lazarus, H.; Lazaryan, A.; Lekakis, L.; Murthy, H.; Nathan, S.; Nishihori, T.; Pawarode, A.; Prestidge, T.; Ramakrishnan, P.; Rezvani, A. R.; Romee, R.; Shah, N. N.; Sureda, A.; Fenske, T. S.; Hamadani, M.
Article Title: Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation provides effective salvage despite refractory disease or failed prior autologous transplant in angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma: A CIBMTR analysis
Abstract: Background: There is a paucity of data on the role of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) in patients with angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL). Using the CIBMTR registry, we report here the outcomes of AITL patients undergoing an allo-HCT. Methods: We evaluated 249 adult AITL patients who received their first allo-HCT during 2000-2016. Results: The median patient age was 56 years (range = 21-77). Majority of the patients were Caucasians (86%), with a male predominance (60%). Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis was predominantly calcineurin inhibitor-based approaches while the most common graft source was peripheral blood (97%). Median follow-up of survivors was 49 months (range = 4-170 months). The cumulative incidence of grade 2-4 and grade 3-4 acute GVHD at day 180 were 36% (95% CI = 30-42) and 12 (95% CI = 8-17), respectively. The cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD at 1 year was 49% (95%CI 43-56). The 1-year non-relapse mortality (NRM) was 19% (95% CI = 14-24), while the 4-year relapse/progression, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) were 21% (95% CI = 16-27), 49% (95% CI = 42-56), and 56% (95% CI = 49-63), respectively. On multivariate analysis, chemoresistant status at the time of allo-HCT was associated with a significantly higher risk for therapy failure (inverse of PFS) (RR = 1.73 95% CI = 1.08-2.77), while KPS < 90% was associated with a significantly higher risk of mortality (inverse of OS) (RR = 3.46 95% CI = 1.75-6.87). Conclusion: Our analysis shows that allo-HCT provides durable disease control even in AITL patients who failed a prior auto-HCT and in those subjects with refractory disease at the time of allografting. © 2019 The Author(s).
Keywords: allogeneic transplantation; angioimmunoblastic t-cell lymphoma; gvl effects
Journal Title: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
Volume: 12
ISSN: 1756-8722
Publisher: Biomed Central Ltd  
Date Published: 2019-01-10
Start Page: 6
Language: English
DOI: 10.1186/s13045-018-0696-z
PUBMED: 30630534
PROVIDER: scopus
PMCID: PMC6329157
DOI/URL:
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 1 February 2019 -- Source: Scopus
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MSK Authors
  1. Parastoo Bahrami Dahi
    84 Dahi