Synergistic immunosuppressive actions of cyclosporine with a mouse anti-rat ⍺/β-T cell receptor monoclonal antibody Journal Article

Authors: Knight, R. J.; Kurrle, R.; Stepkowski, S.; Serino, F.; Chou, T. C.; Kahan, B. D.
Article Title: Synergistic immunosuppressive actions of cyclosporine with a mouse anti-rat ⍺/β-T cell receptor monoclonal antibody
Abstract: A mouse IgG<inf>1</inf> mAb (R73) directed against the rat α/β- TCR was documented not only to prolong the survival of allografts across major RT1 plus non-RT1 antigenic disparities, but also to display a synergistic immunosuppressive interaction with CsA. Heterotopic cardiac transplants from Buffalo (RT1b) rats survived significantly longer in Wistar-Furth (RT1u) hosts treated immediately after the operation with 0.25 mg/kg R73 i.v., with a mean survival time of 11.0±5.5 versus 6.8±1.2 days in the untreated group (P<0.01). Administration of 0.5 or 5.0 mg/kg R73 displayed dose-dependent prolongation of survival to 17.0±8.3 days (P<0.05) or 28.6± 14.0 days (P<0.01), respectively. One 0.5 mg/kg i.v. dose of R73 delivered to normal Wistar-Furth hosts produced peripheral T cell depletion that reversed after 16 days. Three injections of 0.5 mg/kg R73 on days 0, 2, and 4 prolonged allograft survival to 52.5±38.6 days compared with 17.0±8.3 days with a single dose (P<0.01). Addition of 3 daily doses of 5 or 10 mg/kg CsA administered per oral gavage to a single dose of 0.05, 0.25, or 0.5 mg/kg R73 injected on day 0 produced a synergistic effect to prolong allograft survival, as determined by the rigorous median-effect analysis. The synergistic interaction, which may be explained by the inhibitory effect of CsA on Ca2+-dependent pathways triggered after activation of TCR, the target of R73, warrants clinical investigation in order to assess the potential impact of anti-α/β-TCR mAb on CsA-based immunosuppressive regimens. © 1994 Williams and Wilkins.
Keywords: controlled study; allograft; drug potentiation; nonhuman; animal; mice; drug inhibition; cell maturation; animal experiment; animal model; drug effect; mice, inbred balb c; monoclonal antibody; survival time; t lymphocyte receptor; antibodies, monoclonal; rat; rats; graft survival; immunosuppressive treatment; cyclosporin; cyclosporine; immunosuppressive agents; receptors, antigen, t-cell, alpha-beta; heart transplantation; male; priority journal; article; support, u.s. gov't, p.h.s.; rats, inbred buf; rats, inbred wf
Journal Title: Transplantation
Volume: 57
Issue: 11
ISSN: 0041-1337
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins  
Date Published: 1994-06-15
Start Page: 1544
End Page: 1548
Language: English
PROVIDER: scopus c2 - 8009587
PUBMED: 8009587
Notes: Transplantation -- Cited By :13 -- Export Date: 14 January 2019 -- Article -- Source: Scopus
Citation Impact
MSK Authors
  1. Ting-Chao Chou
    272 Chou