Review of real-time 3-dimensional image guided radiation therapy on standard-equipped cancer radiation therapy systems: Are we at the tipping point for the era of real-time radiation therapy? Journal Article


Authors: Keall, P. J.; Nguyen, D. T.; O'Brien, R.; Zhang, P.; Happersett, L.; Bertholet, J.; Poulsen, P. R.
Article Title: Review of real-time 3-dimensional image guided radiation therapy on standard-equipped cancer radiation therapy systems: Are we at the tipping point for the era of real-time radiation therapy?
Abstract: Purpose: To review real-time 3-dimensional (3D) image guided radiation therapy (IGRT) on standard-equipped cancer radiation therapy systems, focusing on clinically implemented solutions. Methods and Materials: Three groups in 3 continents have clinically implemented novel real-time 3D IGRT solutions on standard-equipped linear accelerators. These technologies encompass kilovoltage, combined megavoltage–kilovoltage, and combined kilovoltage–optical imaging. The cancer sites treated span pelvic and abdominal tumors for which respiratory motion is present. For each method the 3D-measured motion during treatment is reported. After treatment, dose reconstruction was used to assess the treatment quality in the presence of motion with and without real-time 3D IGRT. The geometric accuracy was quantified through phantom experiments. A literature search was conducted to identify additional real-time 3D IGRT methods that could be clinically implemented in the near future. Results: The real-time 3D IGRT methods were successfully clinically implemented and have been used to treat more than 200 patients. Systematic target position shifts were observed using all 3 methods. Dose reconstruction demonstrated that the delivered dose is closer to the planned dose with real-time 3D IGRT than without real-time 3D IGRT. In addition, compromised target dose coverage and variable normal tissue doses were found without real-time 3D IGRT. The geometric accuracy results with real-time 3D IGRT had a mean error of <0.5 mm and a standard deviation of <1.1 mm. Numerous additional articles exist that describe real-time 3D IGRT methods using standard-equipped radiation therapy systems that could also be clinically implemented. Conclusions: Multiple clinical implementations of real-time 3D IGRT on standard-equipped cancer radiation therapy systems have been demonstrated. Many more approaches that could be implemented were identified. These solutions provide a pathway for the broader adoption of methods to make radiation therapy more accurate, impacting tumor and normal tissue dose, margins, and ultimately patient outcomes. © 2018 Elsevier Inc.
Keywords: radiation; radiotherapy; tumors; diseases; radiation therapy systems; image reconstruction; respiratory motions; image-guided radiation therapy; dose reconstruction; real time systems; methods and materials; geometric accuracy; 3-dimensional images; phantom experiment
Journal Title: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Volume: 102
Issue: 4
ISSN: 0360-3016
Publisher: Elsevier Inc.  
Date Published: 2018-11-15
Start Page: 922
End Page: 931
Language: English
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2018.04.016
PROVIDER: scopus
PUBMED: 29784460
DOI/URL:
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 1 November 2018 -- Source: Scopus
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  1. Pengpeng Zhang
    79 Zhang