Combination antiretroviral therapy accelerates immune recovery in patients with HIV-related lymphoma treated with EPOCH: A comparison within one prospective trial AMC034 Journal Article


Authors: Tan, C. R. C.; Barta, S. K.; Lee, J.; Rudek, M. A.; Sparano, J. A.; Noy, A.
Article Title: Combination antiretroviral therapy accelerates immune recovery in patients with HIV-related lymphoma treated with EPOCH: A comparison within one prospective trial AMC034
Abstract: Drug–drug interactions between cART and chemotherapy may impact HIV and lymphoma control or lead to increased toxicities. No prospective comparative data informs potential harms and benefits. In AMC034, HIV-associated high-grade B-cell NHL patients received DA-EPOCH with rituximab. cART was given with EPOCH or delayed until chemotherapy completion per investigator choice. Pharmacokinetic, immunological, and treatment effects of concurrent cART were evaluated. CD4 counts dropped during EPOCH in both groups but recovered to higher than baseline 6 months post-EPOCH only in the cART group. HIV viral load decreased during chemotherapy in the cART group but increased in the non-cART group. Incidence of grade ≥3 infectious, hematologic, or neurological toxicities was similar. Concurrent cART was not associated with 1-year EFS or OS. cART with EPOCH was well-tolerated and allowed for faster immune recovery. While we did not observe differences in outcome, the preponderance of evidence is in favor of combining cART with chemotherapy. © 2017, © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
Keywords: chemotherapy; hiv; dose-adjusted epoch; aids; hiv-associated lymphoma; combination antiretroviral therapy
Journal Title: Leukemia and Lymphoma
Volume: 59
Issue: 8
ISSN: 1042-8194
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group  
Date Published: 2018-01-01
Start Page: 1851
End Page: 1860
Language: English
DOI: 10.1080/10428194.2017.1403597
PROVIDER: scopus
PMCID: PMC5962410
PUBMED: 29160731
DOI/URL:
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 1 August 2018 -- Source: Scopus
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  1. Ariela Noy
    202 Noy