Mass spectrometric identification of urinary biomarkers of pulmonary tuberculosis Journal Article

Authors: Isa, F.; Collins, S.; Lee, M. H.; Decome, D.; Dorvil, N.; Joseph, P.; Smith, L.; Salerno, S.; Wells, M. T.; Fischer, S.; Bean, J. M.; Pape, J. W.; Johnson, W. D.; Fitzgerald, D. W.; Rhee, K. Y.
Article Title: Mass spectrometric identification of urinary biomarkers of pulmonary tuberculosis
Abstract: Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading infectious cause of death worldwide. A major barrier to control of the pandemic is a lack of clinical biomarkers with the ability to distinguish active TB from healthy and sick controls and potential for development into point-of-care diagnostics. Methods: We conducted a prospective case control study to identify candidate urine-based diagnostic biomarkers of active pulmonary TB (discovery cohort) and obtained a separate blinded “validation” cohort of confirmed cases of active pulmonary TB and controls with non-tuberculous pulmonary disease for validation. Clean-catch urine samples were collected and analyzed using high performance liquid chromatography-coupled time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Results: We discovered ten molecules from the discovery cohort with receiver-operator characteristic (ROC) area-under-the-curve (AUC) values >85%. These 10 molecules also significantly decreased after 60 days of treatment in a subset of 20 participants followed over time. Of these, a specific combination of diacetylspermine, neopterin, sialic acid, and N-acetylhexosamine exhibited ROC AUCs >80% in a blinded validation cohort of participants with active TB and non-tuberculous pulmonary disease. Conclusion: Urinary levels of diacetylspermine, neopterin, sialic acid, and N-acetylhexosamine distinguished patients with tuberculosis from healthy controls and patients with non-tuberculous pulmonary diseases, providing a potential noninvasive biosignature of active TB. Funding: This study was funded by Weill Cornell Medicine, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, the Clinical and Translational Science Center at Weill Cornell, the NIH Fogarty International Center grants, and the NIH Tuberculosis Research Unit (Tri-I TBRU). © 2018 The Author(s)
Keywords: biomarker; urine; tuberculosis; metabolomics
Journal Title: EBioMedicine
Volume: 31
ISSN: 2352-3964
Publisher: Elsevier Inc.  
Date Published: 2018-05-01
Start Page: 157
End Page: 165
Language: English
DOI: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2018.04.014
PROVIDER: scopus
PUBMED: 29752217
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 1 June 2018 -- Source: Scopus
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  1. James M Bean
    12 Bean