Phase I combination study of the PARP inhibitor veliparib plus carboplatin and gemcitabine in patients with advanced ovarian cancer and other solid malignancies Journal Article


Authors: Gray, H. J.; Bell-McGuinn, K.; Fleming, G. F.; Cristea, M.; Xiong, H.; Sullivan, D.; Luo, Y.; McKee, M. D.; Munasinghe, W.; Martin, L. P.
Article Title: Phase I combination study of the PARP inhibitor veliparib plus carboplatin and gemcitabine in patients with advanced ovarian cancer and other solid malignancies
Abstract: Objective: Determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended phase II dose (RP2D) of veliparib combined with carboplatin and gemcitabine in patients with advanced ovarian cancer and other nonhematologic malignancies. Methods: In this phase I study, patients with metastatic or unresectable solid tumors and ≤ 2 prior chemotherapy regimens received veliparib combined with carboplatin area under the curve (AUC) 4 on day 1 and gemcitabine 800 mg/m2 on days 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle for maximum 10 cycles, followed by optional veliparib maintenance therapy. Veliparib dosing commenced twice-daily (BID) continuously on day 1 of cycle 2; granulocyte colony-stimulating factor was permitted. Dose escalation used a Bayesian continual reassessment method. Safety, tolerability, and efficacy were evaluated. Results: Seventy-five patients were enrolled (ovarian cancer, n = 54; breast cancer, n = 12). Thirty-six patients with ovarian cancer (67%) had known germline BRCA mutations. Most common treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs; ≥ 60%) were thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, nausea, and anemia. Most common grade 3/4 TRAEs (≥ 40%) were neutropenia and thrombocytopenia. Dose-limiting toxicities were thrombocytopenia and neutropenia. The MTD/RP2D was established at veliparib 250 mg with carboplatin AUC 4 plus gemcitabine 800 mg/m2. Responses were observed in 69% of patients with BRCA-deficient ovarian cancer (45% partial, 24% complete responses). Five patients remained on veliparib (80–310 mg BID) for > 34 cycles. Conclusions: Veliparib plus carboplatin/gemcitabine is tolerated, with a safety profile similar to carboplatin and gemcitabine alone. Combination therapy demonstrated promising preliminary antitumor activity in platinum-sensitive ovarian cancer patients with germline BRCA mutations. Trial registration ID: NCT01063816. © 2018 Elsevier Inc.
Keywords: ovarian cancer; phase i; parp inhibitor; veliparib; brca1/2 mutations
Journal Title: Gynecologic Oncology
Volume: 148
Issue: 3
ISSN: 0090-8258
Publisher: Elsevier Inc.  
Date Published: 2018-03-01
Start Page: 507
End Page: 514
Language: English
DOI: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2017.12.029
PROVIDER: scopus
PUBMED: 29352572
DOI/URL:
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 1 March 2018 -- Source: Scopus
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