Intraperitoneal injection of the pancreatic peptide amylin potently reduces behavioral impairment and brain amyloid pathology in murine models of Alzheimer's disease Journal Article

Authors: Zhu, H.; Wang, X.; Wallack, M.; Li, H.; Carreras, I.; Dedeoglu, A.; Hur, J. Y.; Zheng, H.; Li, H.; Fine, R.; Mwamburi, M.; Sun, X.; Kowall, N.; Stern, R. A.; Qiu, W. Q.
Article Title: Intraperitoneal injection of the pancreatic peptide amylin potently reduces behavioral impairment and brain amyloid pathology in murine models of Alzheimer's disease
Abstract: Amylin, a pancreatic peptide, and amyloid-beta peptides (Aβ), a major component of Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain, share similar β-sheet secondary structures, but it is not known whether pancreatic amylin affects amyloid pathogenesis in the AD brain. Using AD mouse models, we investigated the effects of amylin and its clinical analog, pramlintide, on AD pathogenesis. Surprisingly, chronic intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of AD animals with either amylin or pramlintide reduces the amyloid burden as well as lowers the concentrations of Aβ in the brain. These treatments significantly improve their learning and memory assessed by two behavioral tests, Y maze and Morris water maze. Both amylin and pramlintide treatments increase the concentrations of Aβ1-42 in cerebral spinal fluid (CSF). A single i.p. injection of either peptide also induces a surge of Aβ in the serum, the magnitude of which is proportionate to the amount of Aβ in brain tissue. One intracerebroventricular injection of amylin induces a more significant surge in serum Aβ than one i.p. injection of the peptide. In 330 human plasma samples, a positive association between amylin and Aβ1-42 as well as Aβ1-40 is found only in patients with AD or amnestic mild cognitive impairment. As amylin readily crosses the blood-brain barrier, our study demonstrates that peripheral amylin's action on the central nervous system results in translocation of Aβ from the brain into the CSF and blood that could be an explanation for a positive relationship between amylin and Aβ in blood. As naturally occurring amylin may play a role in regulating Aβ in brain, amylin class peptides may provide a new avenue for both treatment and diagnosis of AD.
Keywords: genetics; mutation; mouse; animal; metabolism; animals; mice; pathology; mice, inbred c57bl; transgenic mouse; c57bl mouse; mice, transgenic; disease model; gene expression regulation; peptide fragments; peptide fragment; psychological rating scale; psychiatric status rating scales; mental disorders; disease models, animal; alzheimer disease; amyloid precursor protein; amyloid precursor protein secretases; secretase; presenilin 1; presenilin-1; amyloid beta protein[1-40]; aspartic proteinase; amyloid beta protein; complication; amyloid beta-protein precursor; maze learning; drug effects; amyloid beta-peptides; humans; human; male; female; maze test; amylin; amylin receptor agonist; amyloid beta-protein (1-42); bace1 protein, mouse; psen1 protein, human; amylin receptor agonists; aspartic acid endopeptidases; islet amyloid polypeptide
Journal Title: Molecular Psychiatry
Volume: 20
Issue: 2
ISSN: 1359-4184
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group  
Date Published: 2015-02-01
Start Page: 252
End Page: 262
Language: English
DOI: 10.1038/mp.2014.17
PUBMED: 24614496
PROVIDER: scopus
PMCID: PMC4161670
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 2 May 2017 -- Source: Scopus
Citation Impact
MSK Authors
  1. Ji Yeun Hur
    5 Hur