Expression of cyclin D1, but not cyclins E and A, is related to progression in bilharzial bladder cancer Journal Article


Authors: Osman, I.; Scher, H.; Zhang, Z. F.; Soos, T. J.; Hamza, R.; Eissa, S.; Khaled, H.; Koff, A.; Cordon-Cardo, C.
Article Title: Expression of cyclin D1, but not cyclins E and A, is related to progression in bilharzial bladder cancer
Abstract: The present study was conducted to analyze the alterations affecting cyclins D1, E, and A in bilharzial bladder cancer and to assess their potential clinical significance. A total of 125 cases were examined. Histopathological subtypes included 68 squamous cell carcinomas, 55 transitional cell carcinomas, and 2 adenocarcinomas. Immunohistochemical analyses were performed using a panel of well-characterized antibodies. The results were correlated with proliferative index, as assessed by Ki67 antigen expression. The cyclin D1-positive phenotype, defined as the identification of positive immunoreactivity in the nuclei of ≤20% of tumor cells, was found in 33 of 107 (31%) evaluable cases. A significant association was observed between the cyclin D1-positive phenotype and deep muscle invasion (P = 0.02), high tumor grade (P = 0.02), and Ki67 high proliferative index (P = 0.03). The cyclin E-positive phenotype, defined as per cyclin D1, was found in 79 of 106 (75%) evaluable cases. The cyclin A-positive phenotype, defined using the above criteria, was identified in 60 of 108 (56%) evaluable cases. No statistically significant association was found between cyclins E or A and clinicopathological parameters or proliferative index. However, there was a strong association between the expression of cyclin D1 and the coexpression of cyclins A and/or E (P = 0.05), Ki67 proliferative index was considered high when ≤20% of tumor cells displayed positive nuclear staining, a phenotype that was observed in 99 of 115 (86%) cases. These data support the hypothesis that cyclin D1 activation deter- mines the evolution of a particular subset of aggressive bladder tumors. In addition, cyclins E and A seem to follow an unscheduled pattern of expression, based on the high frequency of identifying a positive phenotype for these cyclins and the lack of correlation between their expression and Ki67 high proliferative index. It may be postulated that the expression of G1 cyclin genes is deregulated in bilharzial bladder cancer, and that cyclin D1 acts as an oncogenic event in these neoplasms. Moreover, the moderate number of tumors displaying the cyclin D1-positive phenotype (31%) versus the high frequency observed for both cyclins E (75%) and A (56%), suggests a short G1 disbalanced by a long S phase and a rapid transversal of the cell cycle, as evidenced by a high Ki67 index observed in 86% of these cases. This imbalance in the cell cycle, together with alterations reported on the p53 pathway, might underline the accumulation of DNA damage and the aggressive clinical course of bilharzial bladder cancer.
Keywords: adult; cancer survival; human tissue; middle aged; major clinical study; squamous cell carcinoma; carcinoma, squamous cell; lymphatic metastasis; neoplasm staging; adenocarcinoma; antigen expression; ki-67 antigen; cell cycle; tumor markers, biological; bladder cancer; urinary bladder neoplasms; carcinoma, transitional cell; cyclin d1; cyclin a; transitional cell carcinoma; cyclin e; mitotic index; correlation function; schistosomiasis; humans; human; male; female; priority journal; article
Journal Title: Clinical Cancer Research
Volume: 3
Issue: 12 I
ISSN: 1078-0432
Publisher: American Association for Cancer Research  
Date Published: 1997-12-01
Start Page: 2247
End Page: 2251
Language: English
PUBMED: 9815621
PROVIDER: scopus
DOI/URL:
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 17 March 2017 -- Source: Scopus