Clinical course of rectal bleeding following I-125 prostate brachytherapy Journal Article

Authors: Hu, K.; Wallner, K.
Article Title: Clinical course of rectal bleeding following I-125 prostate brachytherapy
Abstract: Purpose: Despite the occurrence of some rectal complications in most large series of patients treated with radiation, there is surprisingly little information regarding their management. We report here the clinical course of such patients after I-125 brachytherapy, in an effort to help delineate a rational management policy. Methods and Materials: 109 patients with stage T1 to T2 prostatic carcinoma and Gleason score 2 to 7 were treated with I-125 implantation from 1988 through 1995. No external radiation was given. The prescribed minimum radiation dose to the prostate was 140 to 160 Gy. Results: Nineteen of 109 patients (actuarial incidence: 19%) developed persistent, bright red rectal bleeding, from 1 to 28 months following I-125 implantation. Most occurred in the early part of the implant experience. Bleeding resolved in 6 of the 19 patients, from 9 to 48 months from the time of onset. Nine patients were treated with steroid enemas. Laser coagulation was used in three patients, and six patients had no intervention. There was no obvious difference in the resolution rate between groups. There was no obvious difference in the rectal wall radiation for patients who did or did not experience resolution of their bleeding. Conclusion: Persistent, minor radiation-related bleeding after prostate brachytherapy can be a source of consternation to patients. They should be reassured that spontaneous healing is likely to occur eventually in a large portion of patients, and should be cautioned against invasive treatment, unless absolutely necessary. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science Inc.
Keywords: radiation; bleeding; radiotherapy; morbidity; carcinoma; brachytherapy; complications; tumor; rectum; implantation; proctitis; prostatic carcinoma; cancer
Journal Title: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Volume: 41
Issue: 2
ISSN: 0360-3016
Publisher: Elsevier Inc.  
Date Published: 1998-05-01
Start Page: 263
End Page: 265
Language: English
ACCESSION: WOS:000073743100004
DOI: 10.1016/s0360-3016(98)00080-7
PUBMED: 9607339
Notes: Article -- Source: Wos
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  1. Kenneth S Hu
    10 Hu