Changes in histology and fibrogenic cytokines in irradiated colorectum of two murine strains Journal Article

Authors: Skwarchuk, M. W.; Travis, E. L.
Article Title: Changes in histology and fibrogenic cytokines in irradiated colorectum of two murine strains
Abstract: Purpose: A strain difference in the development of radiation-induced fibrosis of the colorectum was recently observed. C57B1/6 mice developed colorectal obstruction with significantly higher incidence compared to C3Hf/Kam mice after partial volume irradiation with 30 Gy. Previous reports have demonstrated differences in cytokine mRNA levels in fibrosis-prone and - resistant mice after lung irradiation. The aims of this study are to determine if there are strain differences in: 1) the histology of the lesion, 2) mRNA levels for transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ) isoforms and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), and 3) immunohistochemical staining patterns using antibodies against the TGFβ isoforms and latency-associated peptide (LAP). Methods and Materials: The colorectum of male C3Hf/Kam (C3H) and C57B1/6 (B6) mice were irradiated using a dose/length combination (30 Gy to 13.7 mm) that resulted in 10 or 100% incidence of obstruction by 6 months in each strain, respectively. Colorectal tissue was removed from 6 hours to 120 days after irradiation as well as from obstructed mice and prepared for histology, RNase protection assay, and immunofluorescence. Results: Distinct differences in the histological phenotype for the two strains were observed at times preceding obstruction. Samples from B6 mice showed increased hyperplastic crypts, colitis cystica profunda, and fibrosis within the lamina propria, compared to identically treated C3H mice. Fibrosis in the lamina propria of B6 mice appeared early, beginning at 75 days after irradiation, and was progressive, whereas fibrosis in C3H mice appeared simultaneous with obstruction and may have been a reaction to ulceration. No consistent strain difference in mRNA levels for TGFβ1, 2, 3 or TNFα were observed, although mRNA levels of TGFβ1 and TNFα were significantly elevated in both strains relative to nonirradiated controls. Immunofluorescent staining for TGFβ1, 3 and LAP was observed in hyperplastic crypts and colitis cystica profunda adjacent to regions of fibrosis, histological changes that were present predominately in the B6 strain. Conclusions: The response of the colorectum to irradiation involves changes in the expression of several different cytokines. However, the lack of a consistent strain difference in TGFβ1, 2, 3 and TNFα mRNA levels, despite strain differences in both the incidence of colorectal obstruction and histological features preceding obstruction, suggests that mRNA changes in these fibrogenic cytokines are not the critical determinant of the strain difference and are not related to the process of radiation-induced colorectai fibrosis in these mouse strains. Strain dependent differences were observed in the localization of active TGFβ, but these differences were related to the histological changes specifically found in the irradiated colon of the B6 strain.
Keywords: immunohistochemistry; controlled study; nonhuman; mouse; animals; mice; animal tissue; radiation; transforming growth factor beta; animal experiment; animal model; strain difference; mice, inbred c57bl; histology; fibrosis; cytokine; cytokines; species specificity; tumor necrosis factor alpha; messenger rna; rna, messenger; irradiation; colitis; intestinal obstruction; colon; intestine; radiation enteropathy; rectum; intestine crypt; mice, inbred c3h; colorectal disease; tgf-beta; tnf-alpha; radiation injuries, experimental; intestinal mucosa; lamina propria; colon obstruction; strain; male; priority journal; article; fibrogenesis; b6; c3h
Journal Title: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Volume: 42
Issue: 1
ISSN: 0360-3016
Publisher: Elsevier Inc.  
Date Published: 1998-08-01
Start Page: 169
End Page: 178
Language: English
DOI: 10.1016/s0360-3016(98)00201-6
PUBMED: 9747835
PROVIDER: scopus
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 12 December 2016 -- Source: Scopus
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