Diverting ileostomy during primary debulking surgery for ovarian cancer: Associated factors and postoperative outcomes Journal Article


Authors: Tseng, J. H.; Suidan, R. S.; Zivanovic, O.; Gardner, G. J.; Sonoda, Y.; Levine, D. A.; Abu-Rustum, N. R.; Tew, W. P.; Chi, D. S.; Long Roche, K.
Article Title: Diverting ileostomy during primary debulking surgery for ovarian cancer: Associated factors and postoperative outcomes
Abstract: Objective To examine the use, as well as postoperative and long-term oncologic outcomes of diverting loop ileostomy (DI) during primary debulking surgery (PDS) for ovarian cancer. Methods Patients with stage II-IV ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal carcinoma who underwent colon resection during PDS from 1/2005–1/2014 were identified. Demographic and clinical data were analyzed. Results Of 331 patients, 320 (97%) had stage III/IV disease and 278 (84%) had disease of high-grade serous histology. Forty-four (13%) underwent a DI. There were no significant differences in age, comorbidity index, smoking status, serum albumin, or attending surgeon between the DI and non-DI groups. Operative time (OR = 1.21; 95% CI, 1.03–1.42; p = 0.02) and length of rectosigmoid resection (OR = 1.04; 95% CI, 1.01–1.08; p = 0.02) were predictors of DI on multivariable analysis. The overall anastomotic leak rate was 6%. A comparison of groups (DI vs non-DI) showed no significant differences in major complications (30% vs 23%; p = 0.41), anastomotic leak rate (5% vs 7%; p = 0.60), hospital length of stay (10 vs 9 days; p = 0.25), readmission rate (23% vs 17%; p = 0.33), or interval to postoperative chemotherapy (41 vs 40 days; p = 0.20), respectively. Ileostomy reversal was successful in 89% of patients. Median follow-up was 52.6 months. There were no differences in median progression-free (17.9 vs 18.6 months; p = 0.88) and overall survival (48.7 vs 63.8 months; p = 0.25) between the groups. Conclusions In patients undergoing PDS, those with longer operative time and greater length of rectosigmoid resection more commonly underwent DI. DI does not appear to compromise postoperative outcomes or long-term survival. © 2016 Elsevier Inc.
Keywords: ovarian cancer; anastomotic leak; primary debulking surgery; rectosigmoid resection; postoperative outcomes; diverting ileostomy
Journal Title: Gynecologic Oncology
Volume: 142
Issue: 2
ISSN: 0090-8258
Publisher: Elsevier Inc.  
Date Published: 2016-08-01
Start Page: 217
End Page: 224
Language: English
DOI: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2016.05.035
PROVIDER: scopus
PMCID: PMC4961543
PUBMED: 27261325
DOI/URL:
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 1 November 2016 -- Source: Scopus
Altmetric Score
MSK Authors
  1. Ginger J Gardner
    129 Gardner
  2. Dennis S Chi
    491 Chi
  3. Yukio Sonoda
    283 Sonoda
  4. Douglas A Levine
    351 Levine
  5. Oliver Zivanovic
    114 Zivanovic
  6. Kara Christine Long
    55 Long
  7. William P Tew
    114 Tew
  8. Rudy Sam Joseph Suidan
    10 Suidan
  9. Jill   Tseng
    17 Tseng