Exploring multiphoton microscopy as a novel tool to differentiate chromophobe renal cell carcinoma from oncocytoma in fixed tissue sections Journal Article


Authors: Jain, M.; Robinson, B. D.; Wu, B.; Khani, F.; Mukherjee, S.
Article Title: Exploring multiphoton microscopy as a novel tool to differentiate chromophobe renal cell carcinoma from oncocytoma in fixed tissue sections
Abstract: Context.-Distinguishing chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (chRCC), especially in the presence of eosinophilic cytoplasm, from oncocytoma on hematoxylin-eosin can be difficult and often requires time-consuming ancillary procedures that ultimately may not be informative. Objective.-To explore the potential of multiphoton microscopy (MPM) as an alternative and rapid diagnostic tool in differentiating oncocytoma from chRCC at subcellular resolution without tissue processing. Design.-Unstained, deparaffinized tissue sections from 27 tumors (oncocytoma [n = 12], chRCC [n = 12], eosinophilic variant of chRCC [n = 1], and atypical oncocytic renal neoplasm [n = 2]) were imaged with MPM. Morphologic evaluation and automated quantitative morphometric analysis were conducted to distinguish between chRCC and oncocytoma. Results.-The typical cases of oncocytomas (12 of 12) and chRCC (12 of 12) could be readily differentiated on MPM based on the morphologic features similar to hematoxylin-eosin. The most striking MPM signature of both of the tumors was the presence of autofluorescent intracytoplasmic granules, which are not seen on hematoxylin-eosin-stained slides. Although we saw these granules in both types of tumors, they appeared distinct, based on their size, shape, cytoplasmic distribution, and autofluorescence wavelengths, and were valuable in arriving at a definitive diagnosis. For oncocytomas and chRCC, high diagnostic accuracies of 100% and 83.3% were achieved on blinded MPM and morphometric analysis, respectively. Conclusions.-To the best of our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of MPM to distinguish chRCC from oncocytoma in fixed tissues. Our study was limited by small sample size and only a few variants of oncocytic tumors. Prospective studies are warranted to assess the utility of MPM as a diagnostic aid in oncocytic renal tumors. © Copyright 2018 College of American Pathologists.
Journal Title: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Volume: 142
Issue: 3
ISSN: 0003-9985
Publisher: College of American Pathologists  
Date Published: 2018-03-01
Start Page: 383
End Page: 390
Language: English
DOI: 10.5858/arpa.2017-0056-OA
PROVIDER: scopus
PUBMED: 29219617
DOI/URL:
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 2 April 2018 -- Source: Scopus
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  1. Manu   Jain
    21 Jain