Oncology curricula in postgraduate general dentistry programs: A survey of residency program directors Journal Article

Authors: Rosen, E. B.; Drew, A.; Huryn, J. M.
Article Title: Oncology curricula in postgraduate general dentistry programs: A survey of residency program directors
Abstract: Management of patients undergoing treatment for cancer requires a multidisciplinary team including general dentistry providers; however, the relative knowledge and training of general dentists in the management of this patient population are relatively unknown. The purpose of this study was to assess the oncology curricula of postgraduate general dentistry training programs, from the perspective of the program directors, to better understand the opportunities for and/or barriers to dental care for cancer patients. A cross-sectional survey was sent to the 275 Commission on Dental Accreditation-accredited programs; 82 program directors responded (response rate, 30%). More than 50% of respondents indicated "none" or "little" curricular emphasis on cancer biology, bone marrow transplantation, immunotherapy, or prosthetics for use during head and/or neck surgery. Conversely, more than 50% of respondents indicated "moderate" or "substantial" emphasis on acute oral effects of cancer-related therapy, long-term oral effects of cancer-related therapy, antiresorptive medication pharmacology, radiotherapy techniques and biological effects, and osteonecrosis of the jaw. Residents had the most experience with radiotherapy patients and the least with bone marrow or transplantation patients. Overall, general dentistry program directors were enthusiastic to participate in the multidisciplinary team but reported challenges to including oncology curricula in residency training programs. Training for general dentistry providers in formalized postgraduate residency programs may be variable or limited-as a result, communication regarding patient management is critical. Opportunities exist to enhance the general dentistry curricula and, thereby, improve access to dental care for patients receiving treatment for cancer.
Journal Title: Journal of Cancer Education
ISSN: 0885-8195
Publisher: Springer  
Date Published: 2017-12-01
Language: English
ACCESSION: 126613159
DOI: 10.1007/s13187-017-1306-4
PUBMED: 29196905
Notes: Accession Number: 126613159 -- Entry Date: In Process -- Revision Date: 20171209 -- Publication Type: journal article -- Journal Subset: Biomedical; Blind Peer Reviewed; Double Blind Peer Reviewed; Editorial Board Reviewed; Expert Peer Reviewed; Health Promotion/Education; Peer Reviewed; USA -- Grant Information: P30 CA008748//National Cancer Institute/United States -- NLM UID: 8610343 -- Source: cin20
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